Chuzhou is historically and culturally profound. The city dates back to over 1,400 years ago in 589. During the Tang and Song Dynasties, prominent poets including Wei Yingwu, Ouyang Xiu and Xin Qiji visited the place with legacies of prestigious poems including Zuiwentingji (Account of Old Tippler’s Pavilion). In late Yuan Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang started a military coup in Fengyang, ushering in the Ming Dynasty. In addition, The Scholars, written by Wu Jingzi in the Qing Dynasty, which pioneered satiric novels, was also a product made in Chuzhou. During the Chinese Resistance War against Japanese Aggressions, Chuzhou, an important resistance base, saw battles raged by renowned revolutionists including Liu Shaoqi, Chen Yi, Tan Zhenlin and Luo Binhui. In 1978, farmers of Xiaogang village, Fengyang County, were among the first that embraced rural reform in China. Dingyuan County is home to Li Keqiang, the incumbent premiere, who worked 4 years in rural areas of Dingyuan and started the political career in Fengyang.
Located in the easternmost part of Anhui province, Chuzhou has jurisdiction of 4 counties, two municipalities and two areas. Chuzhou is historically and culturally profound. The city dates back to over 1,500 years ago in 583. Its geographic location, time-honored history and cultural integration between the north and the south mean that Chuzhou culture is bound to be diversified and long-standing. Its historic and cultural formations are as follows:
Relics Culture: As early as the Neolithic Age, our ancestors lived and propagated here, leaving cultural legacies of Heying Site, Bujiadun Site, Shiliang Ancient City Site, Zhongli City Site and East City Site.
Imperial Culture: The story of Xiang Yu and his concubine Yu is a household story. Sima Rui, emperor of Jin, once set foot under Langya Mountain. Emperor Liangwu Nanqiao had education and a love story here. Zhao Kuangyin, the first founder of Song Dynasty, involved in a war at Qingliuguan. Emperor Renzong of the Song Dynasty had Duanming Palace built here. Chuzhou is also the cradle of Zhu Yuanzhang, the founder of Ming Dynasty.
And a few relics include Fengyang Imperial Mausoleum, Zhongdu Town of the Ming, Longxing Temple, Bozilongqiu, Huilong Bridge, Huangqingwei among others.
Celebrity Culture: Li Youqin, Li Deyu, Li Shen, Wei Yingwu, Wang Yucheng, Ouyang Xiu, Zhang Fangping, Xin Qiji and Wang Yangming were among those that either settled and served or built temples and ponds in Chuzhou. Some of them recited poems and inscribed them on stones, and that is how Zuiwengtingji (Account of Old Tippler’s Pavilion) and other brilliant pieces were made. Since the Tang and Song Dynasties, Chuzhou culture was elevated to a new high. Other celebrities included Lu Su, Dong Huai, Zhu Shouchang, Guo Zixing, Xu Da, Li Shanchang, Mu Ying, Lan Yu, Qi Jiguang, Hu Song, Xuan Ding, Wang Zhenyi, Wu Jingzi, Dai Lanfen, Wu Tang, Zhang Yi, Hang Liwu and Lv Yanzhi.
Mountain and water cultures: Those that reflect harmony between men and nature comprise Langya Mountain, Huangfu Mountain, Fu Mountain, Jiushan Cave, Nvshan Lake, Biyun Lake, Gaoyou Lake and Huayuan Lake.
Religious culture: Includes Langya Temple, Longshan Temple, Chanku Temple, Longxing Temple, Zunsheng Temple, Shenshan Temple and Huguo Temple. Hanshan Master, Haoqing Monk and Daxiu Chair left a special mark here.
Red culture: Wawuxue, Chinese People’s Anti-Japanese Military and Political College, Half Pagoda Martyrs’ Cemetery, The grave of nameless revolutionists at Wangxiaomiao Temple have carried the history of how China struggled to fight the Japanese aggression.
Folk Culture incorporates: Fengyang flower-drum dance, Phoenix paintings, Hongshan Opera, among others